backed by the blue flag of the European Foundation for Environmental Education?
Catalonia consists of four provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, and Tarragona. The capital and largest city is Barcelona, the core of the seventh-most populous urban area in the European Union.
The territory is organised into provinces, further subdivided into comarques and municipalities. The 2006 Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia establishes the administrative organisation of three local authorities: vegueries, comarques, and municipalities.
Catalonia’s surface area is of 32.107 square metres, it has a very diverse and divided orography, with extensive mountain ranges mirroring the coastline, inland depressions, mountain peaks reaching 3.000 meters high in the Pyrenees, and just 240 meters to the south is a delta that collects the sediments from one of the most abundant rivers of the Iberian peninsula: the Ebro.
About the climate it can be said that the winters are mild and the summers are hot and dry, the temperatures themselves vary considerably between the coastline and the inland plains and the Pyrenees.
Thanks to the territory’s diversity, the area is of great ecological variety and a remarkable wealth of landscapes, habitats and species.
The fauna of Catalonia consists broadly of a combination of a minority of animals endemic from thid land and the majority of animals which are also present in other places. Many of the animals that live there adapted to Mediterranean ecosystems because much of the country enjoys a Mediterranean climate. There are plentiful wild boar, red foxes, as well as roe deer and in the Pyrenees, the Pyrenean chamois.
According to the population census of 2012, Catalonia has 7.565.603 inhabitants, after some years of constant growth particularly as a result of foreign immigration. Since the beginning of this century, the population has increased by a million people, situating Catalonia with a growth of 3.4 per thousand, above the average Spanish and European rate. The growth corresponds nearly exactly to the number of foreigners currently living in Catalonia: close to a million.